Cairo ( CAI )
City Guide, Cairo
Cairo, is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa,
and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world. Located near the Nile Delta,
it was founded in 969 AD
City of Cairo is still in the eyes of the Egyptians the City Victorious, known officially as al-Qahirah or simply "Masr", the name for Egypt as a whole. Cairo is one of the world's largest urban areas and offers many sites to visit. It is the administrative capital of Egypt and, close by, is almost every Egypt Pyramid, such as the Great Pyreat of Giza on the very edge of the city. There are also ancient temples, tombs, gorgeous Christian Churches, magnificent Muslim monuments, and of course, the Egyptian Antiquities Museum all either within or nearby to the city.
One only needs to look up to the Pyramid on the skyline to be reminded that Cairo's ancient attractions are part of the city's fabric rather than only tourist exhibits.
Cairo has been attracting tourists for thousands of years, and the Pyramids of Giza alongside the Sphinx are some of the oldest and arguably most impressive attractions in the world. One would think other attractions in Cairo competing for attention would pale in comparison. Yet, visitors find some of the best the sights in Cairo are rare places where people go about daily life in ancient surroundings.
Not least among these is Khan al-Khalili, a central and much used market which gives visitors a chance to experience the bazaar much as it was 700 years ago. Another is Old Cairo, an ancient Coptic Christian community from Roman times. Other historic religious sites still in use include the ancient Hanging Church and the slightly less ancient (12th century) but enormous Saladin Citadel.
Culture and entertainment
The entertainment offered in Cairo ranges from theater, art, dance, dining, museums, bars and cinemas. The museums in Cairo suit just about any interest. Anyone interested in Egypt’s Pharaonic past should visit the Egyptian Museum located on Tahrir Square. Other interesting museums are the museums of Islamic Art and the Coptic Museum. Besides having a comprehensive collection these museums are situated near other must-see historical sites.These includes Abdeen Palace Museum and the Manial Palace Museum – filled with interesting accounts of the pre-revolution period.
The Gezirah Art Center, another great site, located near the Marriot in Zamalek, has a lovely collection of ceramics. The Mahmoud Khalil Museum in Dokki displays a private collection of European art—including works by Monet, Gauguin, Pissarro, and Van Gogh. The National Museum of Egyptian Modern Art, located at the Opera House complex, has an extensive collection, mostly by 20th century artists.
Food and drink
The range of food in Egypt is very wide and cosmopolitan. Mostly you will find dishes are a cross between Middle-Eastern and Mediterranean cuisine. Food is available in large restaurants or from street corner stalls and snack bars. The smaller snack-bars and cafes usually offer a good range of inexpensive lightly-spiced Egyptian food as well as sandwiches, pizzas and french fries. Falafel, or tamiya, is a delicious deep-fried snack made from beans and is available freshly cooked on every street corner. Check out how clean the stall looks, as some of these places don’t have running water or refrigeration.
The traditional Egyptian breakfast is ‘ful’ which is a kind of bean stew and extremely filling, but larger hotels and cruise ships will offer a buffet breakfast with just about anything you could possibly imagine, including a wide range of breads and cakes. Smaller hotels tend to stick to a continental breakfast of croissants or bread rolls with jam, honey, or cheese and tomatoes and sometimes eggs. Plain yoghurt is also popular.
Tea is a traditional drink in Egypt and you will probably drink gallons of it while there, whether you like it or not. It is made by boiling a powdery form of tea leaves in a kettle of water until it is stewed, and then a large quantity of sugar is added. It is served in small glasses without handles. Coffee, unless you ask for Nescafe, will be similar to Turkish coffee, served in tiny cups with a thick residue of coffee grains in the bottom. This will also be very sweet unless you ask for only a little or no sugar.
Shopping in Cairo is rather like shopping in one enormous, sprawling marketplace - there are shops everywhere! Virtually any item from any part of Egypt can be found for sale somewhere in Cairo and you often don't have far to search to find some great souvenirs of your holiday. A large number of modern shopping malls have recently become an integral part of the city and are especially popular with visiting tourists.
When shopping around Cairo, popular gift ideas include wooden backgammon boards, jewellery boxes, lamps, stripy rugs, pottery, silk shawls and painted papyrus, which are usually fairly cheap, since most are simply painted on banana leaves. For traditional Egyptian jewellery in Cairo, a number of gold and silver shops lie around the Khan al-Khalili area, where most pieces are simply sold by weight, with perhaps a small charge for craftsmanship.
|Country:||Egypt (Arab Republic of)|
|Address:||Ethiopian Airlines, 69 Abdelhamid Badawi street , Concord el salaam Hotel|
|Phone:||(202) 2180 0935, 2180 0936, 2180 0937, 2180 0392
Call Center: Toll-Free: 080 0000 0411
|Fax:||(00 2 02) 21800934|
|Working hours:||08:30-15:30 Saturday-Thursday|
|Airport:||Cairo International Airport|
|Address:||Cairo International Airport (Terminal 3)|
|Phone:||Passenger: (00 202)2265 4398 Cargo: (00 202) 22672910-24150959|
|Fax:||(00 202) 26214934|
Cairo International Airport Map